Greek Catholic Church of St. Cosmas and Damian

drewniana cerkiew

Bartne is a village of stonemasons founded in 1630. Its primary source of income was stonework. The primary product was millstone; later, in the 19th and 20th centuries, also stone crosses and other stonework. Roadside and tombstone crosses located within around a fifty-kilometre radius of Bartne were carved here. Matzevahs at the Jewish cemetery ('kirkut') in Gorlice were made in Bartne as well. At the cemetery in Bartne, you can see the history of folk stonemasonry in this village in the 34 historical statues that stand there. You can see features characteristic of crosses made in the 1970s and 1980s, at the turn of the centuries, and those made in the interwar period. They were cut from a single slab of stone. This is the real art of stonemasonry. There are various inscriptions on the crosses. The early ones, the crosses placed by the inhabitants of one village or parish (known as 'gromadzkie' crosses), bore intention inscriptions. Later, when people became wealthier (beginning in 1870), stone crosses over the graves of ordinary parishioners started to appear as well. There are also inscriptions in Cyrillic. On each monument is a sign of the workshop that made it, for example, two fingers, a curled moustache, or a mouth with down-turned corners. In the parish granary is an exhibition of stonemasonry tools, as well as boards with information on the history of this craft.

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