Faience, Hipolit House, Kraków

The J. Niedźwiecki and Co. Faience Factory (Fabryka Fajansów J. Niedźwiecki i S-ka) operated in 1900-1910 in Dębniki, which at that time was not part of Kraków. Transformed from the old tile factory that had existed since 1870, the faience factory began operation under the direction of the Vienna-educated Adam Kirchmayer. The factory cooperated with artists such as Konstanty Laszczka and Jan Szczepkowski, who was its artistic director in 1902–1907. The main products of the factory were tiles for stoves and mantels, but it also manufactured functional ceramics such as various kinds of tableware, bathroom sets and candle holders, ashtrays and paper weights. The factory became famous for its ceramics department that manufactured sculptures After casting a given number of items, the mould was destroyed. Although highly valued, these ceramic works lost out to cheaper, mass-manufactured products and production was discontinued in 1910.There are around a dozen items from the Dębniki factory in the Museum of Kraków, including vases, sculptures, and a coffee set. The faience set was made around 1905 and was decorated with hand-painted geometric and stylised floral motifs.

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