Church of St. Nicholas the Bishop, Tymowa

Tymowa was in existence as early as around 1277. In 1440, Jan Długosz mentioned in his Liber Benefitiorum that Tymowa (also called Wola Tymowa) had a wooden church of St. Nicholas of Myra. Further information about the parish was obtained from the records of 1596 when priest Krzysztof Kazimirski conducted an inspection in Tymowa. Many inhabitants converted to Protestantism at the turn of the 17th century but eventually returned to the Catholic Church and commissioned a painting of St. Nicholas for the new church. The painting from the original church still exists in the Museum in Krakow. The Tymowa church mentioned in the oldest documents was lost in a fire before 1764, which was when the current church was built. The church was initially wooden, built on a brick foundation and shingled. It had three altars: the main one with a painting depicting St. Nicholas and two richly embellished side altars, one dedicated to Our Lady of Sorrows and the other one to the Holy Family. The third side altar with the statue of Our Lady of the Rosary was built much later, in 1870. The church was extended in 1897 and arcades were built around it. As a continuation of these renovation and modernisation works, the interior of the church was painted in 1913. During World War I the Austrian government confiscated three bells from the church in Tymowa. The decision to buy new bells was made in 1923. The Germans wanted to confiscate these during World War II. However, the bells disappeared before they could be given away as, according to the oral tradition, thieves stole them. The bells returned to their place after the war. The renovated church in Tymowa is a listed building under the supervision of a conservator.

Areas surrounding Tymowa

Above the church are fragments of a Polish manor complex with a manor house and a park dominated by centuries-old oaks, lime trees, hornbeams and larches. Farm buildings and a granary from the turn of the 20th century are also a part of the complex. In the area of the parish cemetery one can find the military cemetery No. 298 with graves of soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian and Russian armies who died in World War I. There is a ‘Bukowiec’ Flora Reserve on the northern slope of Śpilówka and a green PTTK tourist trail on the pass between the Machulec and Śpilówka hills leads to Czchów or to Bacówka on the Kozłowa Góra and to the Kamienie Brodzińskiego outcrop.

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