Village Leader’s Hut from Przeginia

Drewniana chałupa na bielonej podmurówce, kryta słomą.

The 1862 hut from Przeginia Duchowna was founded by Marianna and Mikołaj Marchewka. The hallways that also served as a summer kitchen had a furnace in the recess of the white chimney. To the left is a ‘white’ room. Only important guests were hosted there, for example a priest on a Christmas visit. The interior contains furniture modelled after the manor furniture, emphasising the landlord’s wealth. Particularly noteworthy is the table with the inlaid top. Intarsia is a decorative technique consisting in creating patterns by lining the surface of wooden objects with other types of wood. Numerous ‘holy pictures’ hang on the walls in evidence of the piety and wealth of the house. Additionally, above the chest we can see a portrait of Mikołaj Marchewka who knew how to read and write, was respected by the whole village, and made a pilgrimage to Rome with his family. On the main beam supporting the ceiling one can see the construction date of the hut and written blessings. One of the sentences reads: ‘Bless this dwelling, my Lord, protect it from fire, St. Florian’. The necessary household equipment was placed in the hallway. Most important equipment included the quern for the manual milling of grain into flour. The quern consists of two round stones set into motion with a stick. A trough for the dressing of slaughtered pigs, a water vat, a groats mortar and a cheese press can also be seen here. Next to them is a chamber that was originally used as a storage room for food supplies and household utensils. After the window was enlarged and beds were put into the room, the village leader’s older daughters slept here. In addition to a bed, a chest and a painted wardrobe, a large laundry wringer with a crank stands here. Another device also used for laundry wringing was a handy mangle consisting of a roller and a corrugated board that was found in every home regardless of wealth. In the room to the right there used to be a kitchen stove and a cow shed behind the wall but it was dismantled at the beginning of the 20th century and a kitchen was put in its place. Peasant furniture can be seen in the room: a cupboard painted with flowers and a dowry chest for storing the women’s Krakow outfits. Such chests were used as a dowry by the daughters of wealthy landlords. Lots of pillows in embroidered pillowcases are arranged on the beds. The pillows sometimes reached the ceiling and <0}


Download free VisitMałopolska app
Apple iOS
Windows Phone

Related Assets