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The Wawel Hill, Krakow - Obiekt - VisitMalopolska

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Wzgórze Wawelskie Kraków

The Wawel Hill, Krakow

Zamek Wawel od strony Baszty Sandomierskiej, oświetlony, na tle kolorowego nieba zaraz po zachodzie słońca. Zdjęcie z drona.
Wawel 5, 31-001 Kraków Tourist region: Kraków i okolice
tel. +48 124225155
A legendary and symbolic place, the seat of rulers and witness of great historical events in Poland, making it a unique place not only on the map of Krakow.

The legendary founder of the city supposedly resided here, a dragon roamed here, and it was here that the kings and bishops had their seat. The Wawel Royal Castle, magnificent Cathedral with its crypts of the Royal Tombs, and tower with the famous Sigismund Bell, is a place closely related to the history of Poland. The hill was probably called a gorge because of the karstic nature of the limestone from which it was formed, and also because of the numerous caves, including the most popular one – the dragon cave. The genesis of the name is not fully known, and researchers still argue whether it could have come from a gorge, an elevation among marshes, a fortified place, or even the name Babel or Babylon. Thoroughly rebuilt by successive rulers, it was in its prime at the time of its decline, but was always considered a place of particular importance to the fate of Poland. The Wawel Hill is also associated with the work of Stanisław Wyspiański, as he captured it on his canvas “Planty z widokiem na Wawel” (Planty Park with a View over Wawel), as well as in his dramas “Akropolis” (Acropolis) “Skałka” (Rock), “Bolesław Śmiały” and “Wyzwolenie” (Liberation). Wyspiański, together with the architect Władysław Ekielski, was also a co-creator of the unfinished project for the development of the hill after the Austrian army left it in 1903. Illness and death shattered Wyspiański's plans to make Wawel a Polish Acropolis.


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