The firstJews settled in Dąbrowa Tarnowska in the 16th century. With thedevelopment of the town, the intensification of the Jewish settlement wastaking place. In the mid-18th century, 147 Jewish families livedhere. Back then, the inhabitants dealt with production of mead, vodka, beer,trade and crafts. The Jewish community lived in a certain isolation, concentratingaround its own institutions, such as Jewish schools. At the end of World War I,a massacre of the Jewish population took place, as a result of which thepopulation of the Dąbrowa Jews has been considerably reduced. During World WarII, there was the ghetto in Dąbrowa Tarnowska to which the inhabitants ofJewish origin were transported. In July 1942, the Jews living there were displacedto the Bełżec camp. The final liquidation of the Dąbrowa ghetto took place inOctober 1942. After the liberation of the town, about 150 Jews stayed alive,most went abroad after the war. In 2005, the last Jew living in DąbrowaTarnowska died. Currently, a local attraction is the restored synagogue, whichserves as the Centre for the Meeting of Cultures.