Pomorska Street, Kraków

Ul. Pomorska - Budowa Domu Śląskiego

Silesia House ('Dom Śląski') at 2 Pomorska Street was commissioned in 1936 and was a symbol of the connection of Polish Silesia with the Polish Republic. In accordance with the intention of the sponsors, the House, by serving the function of cheap and well-furnished university housing for Silesian youth studying in Kraków, was supposed to provide them with the best possible conditions for study. The statutory activity of the Silesia House lasted until September 6, 1939, when the Germans entered Kraków. During the years of the German occupation, this building housed the Office of the Chief of Security Police and Security Service of the Third Reich for the Kraków district. The fourth department of this institution was the Secret State Police, the Gestapo. It dealt with the prosecution of Poles suspected of any activity against the occupying forces. In the Silesia House, the Gestapo interrogation rooms were located on the first and second floors. Since 2011 there has been a new multimedia permanent exhibition, ‘Cracovians in the face of terror, 1939 – 1945 – 1956’. It occupies a room with an area of 100 square metres in the basement of the Silesia House. The exhibition is divided into three parts devoted to specific topics. The first one shows the history and activities of the Society of Defence of the Western Borderlands of Poland (Towarzystwo Obrony Zachodnich Kresów Polski) and the Silesia House until the outbreak of the Second World War. The second part shows the fate of those of Kraków’s citizens who during the occupation were victims of German terror and whose names are known. The third part tells the story of the people subjected to repression by the Soviet and Polish communists in the years 1945–1956.


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