Hut from Przeciszów

Drewniana chałupa kryta słomą widziana z przodu.

The building was constructed in 1837 in Przeciszów, a village between Zator and Oświęcim. It belonged to a wealthy Kasperek family. A bike from 1935 stands in the hallway on wooden supports. To the left is a classroom furnished in a way characteristic for the inter-war period. Schools used to be located in peasants’ cottages. A teacher would teach two classes simultaneously. While children from one class were given silent writing tasks, the teacher would focus on voiced reading activities with the other class. On the benches are slates in wooden frames with a stylus, which were used to teach writing. A slate was replaced with a notebook in the second year. Children wrote in the notebooks using pencils, quills and ink from the inkwell. Strict discipline was enforced during the lessons. The classroom was completely silent. The teacher would use corporal punishment for even the minor infringements and disobedient pupils were punished by beating with a stick or cane. They were also made to kneel on peas. A teacher’s room with a window and a separate entrance adjoins the classroom. Opposite the room is a chamber where the equipment necessary in the household was stored. On the left, against the wall, stands a long cupboard chest. This was where flour ground in a mill was kept. A distaff for thread spinning stands on the chest. Going further, one can see a lockable blue cupboard for the most valuable foodstuffs such as sugar and salt. Loaves of bread baked once a week were kept in a straw container.  Tools for flax processing are displayed in the middle of the room: a swingle and a heckle for breaking the woody parts of the stalks, and a ‘szczeć’ for combing and separating the long fibres from the short ones. By the window in the kitchen room to the right of the chamber is the shoemaker's workshop. People would normally walk barefoot and shoes were put on before entering the church. Damages shoes were repaired many times. A weaver’s workshop is located in the middle. In areas near Krakow weaving was done mainly by men called ‘knap’.


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