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Miejsce Pamięci i Muzeum Auschwitz - Birkenau. Były niemiecki nazistowski obóz koncentracyjny i zagłady

Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau. Former nazi concentration and extermination camp

Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau. Former nazi concentration and extermination camp
Notes regarding availability: Muzeum zwiedzać można we wszystkie dni roku, oprócz 1 stycznia, 25 grudnia i w pierwszego dnia Świąt Wielkanocnych. Rozpoczęcie zwiedzania możliwe jest w godzinach: XII - 7:30 - 14:00, I, XI - 7:30 - 15:00, II - 7:30 - 16:00, III, X - 7:30 - 17:00, IV, V, IX - 7:30 - 18:00, VI, VII, VIII - 7:30 - 19:00
ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, 32-603 Oświęcim Tourist subregion: Oświęcimski
Notes: Wejście do Muzeum, a także parking dla odwiedzających znajdują się przy ul. Stanisławy Leszczyńskiej 11.
Auschwitz has become a world symbol of war, terror, genocide and the Holocaust.
The Auschwitz concentration camp was established by the Nazi Germans on the territory of the occupied Oświęcim as a camp for Polish political prisoners. The first transportation of Polish prisoners was brought here from a prison in Tarnów on 14 June 1940. Since 1942, Auschwitz- Birkenau had also become one of the centres of the Holocaust – mass extermination of European Jews. The Nazi Germans exterminated at least 1.1 million people, mostly Jews, but also Poles, Roma, Russian prisoners of war and prisoners of other nationalities.
As of 1947 State Museum has operated on the grounds of the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp. The Museum is a research and educational organization: it collects, analyses, preserves, and gives access to documents and objects from the camp. The Memorial Site and the Museum comprises the area of two preserved parts of the camp: Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. To get to know the place properly it is necessary to visit both parts, which are located about 3.5 km away from each other. This distance can be covered by a free shuttle bus or on foot, passing through the area by the camp, where during the occupation period there were German industrial plants and workshops, warehouses, offices and technical facilities of the camp – places of work and death of prisoners. The remains of several railway sidings and ramps, to which trains with people deported to the camp were brought and where SS men made selections, have been preserved here. Visiting Auschwitz requires about 1.5 hour, same as in the case of Birkenau. On nearly 200 hectares, within the boundaries of the Museum, the ruins of gas chambers and places filled with human ashes, primitive prisoner barracks, and kilometres of camp fences and roads have been preserved. In the cinema hall located in the building for the reception of visitors within the former Auschwitz I camp, you can see a fifteen-minute documentary film showing the first moments after the liberation of the camp.
In recent years, over one million people from all over the world visit the museum every year. In 1979 the area of the former Auschwitz- Birkenau concentration camp was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. United Nations designated 27 January, the day of the liberation of the camp, as the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
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